Anubias barteri var. nana is a small, attractive plant which thrives in all conditions. It grows slowly, and the leaves survive for several years, giving slow-growing algae the chance to become established. The best result is achieved by planting on a stone or tree root. Fishing line can be used to attach the plant until it gains a hold. If planted on the bottom the rhizome must not be covered because it tends to rot. It flowers frequently under water. It is not eaten by herbivorous fish.
Echinodorus 'Ozelot' is a decorative hybrid between Echinodorus schluteri 'Leopard' and Echinodorus x barthii. Naturally, it is the elliptical black spots on the red-brown leaves that have given this plant the name 'Ozelot'. The spots are darkest on the youngest leaves, and unlike many other spotted Echinodorus Echinodorus 'Ozelot' retains its spots even at low light intensity. It is an undemanding, good plant for beginners.
Anubias barteri ''coffeefolia'' is a beautiful, low variety of Anubias barteri. The new leaves are red-brown. The color combination and leaf shape make it an attractive variety in both large and small aquariums. It flowers frequently under water. It is not eaten by herbivorous fish.
Java moss is a easy plant for beginners, Java moss is of Asian origin. It is a slow growing but a very hardy plant that tolerates a wide variety of water conditions. Light requirements range from very low - very high, pH tolerance 5-9. Temperature range is 59F - 82F. Java moss is a self attaching moss that is best grown when it is encouraged to attach itself to aquarium objects like stones or driftwood. Spread the moss out onto the driftwood a thin layer and tie it to the driftwood or stones with thin fishing line or cotton thread. Within a month, the line can be removed as the plant takes hold and begins to self propagate along the wood or stone.
The java fern is a slow growing plant. but is easy to care for. Propagation by adventitious shoots and rhizome splitting. The Java Fern does not need substrate to root in, It can be attached to wood or rocks. The Java Fern is poisonous and also because of its relatively bitter taste so most herbivores will not eat it. It can survive in temperatures between 22-30ºC and has a pH tolerance of 5.5-7.5. Very high levels of light can make the leaves become transparent. Can tolerate Soft, hard and even slightly brackish water conditions. There are several varieties, these include Windeløv, Red, Philippine, Tropica, Narrow and Undulata.
Vallisneria tortifolia is a dwarf species with tightly coiled leaves. It is a bit more delicate compared with other vallisneria species and also needs good lighting, Vallisneria tortifolia is good choice for small tropical aquarium. Because of its small size and bushy appearance it looks better as mid-ground plant rather than a background one. These plants propagate by sending out runners bearing daughter plants. The runners can be cut, and the daughter plants can be moved with care, if required. Because it doesn't need any special subtrate, co2 injection and isn't picky about water chemistry, makes it quite an easy plant to look after.